Posts made in April, 2016

SACRIFICE IN ISRAELITE VIS-À-VIS IGBO RELIGIONS: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS – Charles Okeke and Onukwube Alfred Anedo

Posted by on Apr 30, 2016 in publications | 0 comments

SACRIFICE IN ISRAELITE VIS-À-VIS IGBO RELIGIONS: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS Charles Okeke, Ph.D. Department of Christian Religious Studies Nwafor Orizu College of Education, Nsugbe E-mail: charlesudokwu@gmail.com +234 (0) 8032603078 & Ọnụkwube Alex Alfred Anedo, Ph.D. Departmet of African & Asian Studies Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka onunedoal@yahoo.com +2348037859249 Abstract Many people especially the Igbo of South-east Nigeria view themselves as descendants of the Jews; hence there are striking similarities in the characteristics and outlook of the Igbo man and the Israelites. Some view the Igbo as the lost tribe of Israel. Some of these views are based on the similarities of certain Igbo cultural practices with those of the Jews like, circumcision, confinement and purification of women for a specified period after childbirth, naming of a child after specific events like rituals, puberty rites and so on. On the other hand, some hold that the Igbo came under Egyptian influences. These views may be true but doubtful since there are no existing, contemporary documented and convincing records to prove the claims, and no intensive or extensive study has been carried out on the issue. The aim of this study therefore is to examine the concept of sacrifice in Israelite and that of the Igbo religions, with a view to finding out the relationship between them, if any, and whether they have the same origin. FULL...

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DIGLOSSIA IN CONTEMPORARY IGBO SOCIETY: AN UGBAWKA SPEECH COMMUNITY EXAMPLE – Ogechukwu Mbah and Thecla Udemmadu

Posted by on Apr 30, 2016 in publications | 0 comments

DIGLOSSIA IN CONTEMPORARY IGBO SOCIETY: AN UGBAWKA SPEECH COMMUNITY EXAMPLE by Ogechukwu Mbah Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka 07031008539 & Thecla Udemmadu Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka theclaudemmadu@yahoo.com 07038296805 Abstract This research on “Diglossia in Contemporary Igbo Society: Ugbawka Speech Community Example” is to highlight the negative effect of standard Igbo on Ugbawka variety of the Igbo language. Ferguson’s (1959) approach to diglossia was used with the review of some related literatures and it was discovered that Ugbawka dialect is blessed with some unique distinctive phonemes, (/hw/,/з/)and some words that are not in the standard variety of Igbo but the standard Igbo has influenced Ugbawka people so much that most of them, especially the youths, now find it difficult to identify with their dialect because they feel it is archaic, non-prestigious and for the uncivilized, while the standard Igbo is seen as superior, prestigious and for the learned and civilized. Also, the “prestigious” nature of the standard Igbo has led to the non-acceptance of these unique phonemes and some lexemes not found in the standard Igbo. Finally, the research concludes that though there is need for a unified standard form of any language, the other varieties should not be despised or discarded because “variety is the spice of life”. FULL...

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A CLARIFICATION OF INSIGHT MEDITATION VIS- A-VIS TOTAL CLEANSING OF TAINTS – Rathnasiri, R.M.

Posted by on Apr 30, 2016 in publications | 0 comments

A CLARIFICATION OF INSIGHT MEDITATION VIS- A-VIS TOTAL CLEANSING OF TAINTS Dr. R. M. Rathnasiri B.A. Bud & Eng. / (BPU) / M.A. Eng. Ling. (UKEL) / M.A. Bud. / Ph.D. Bud. (PGIPBS) Nāgānanda International Buddhist University, Manelwatta, Sri Lanka rathnasiri66@gmail.com/ +94711461105 Abstract Bhāvanā (meditation) is the development of wholesome doctrines of Mind (Bhāvetikusaladhammevaḍḍhetītibhāvanā).The two major types of meditation designated in Buddhism are Samatha and Vipassanā. Concentration meditation (samathabhāvanā) suppresses mental defilements that cause mental problems and unwholesome behaviour. It is a requisite for meditation. Nevertheless, in concentration meditation, defilements remain dormant in mind. Insight meditation (vipassanābhāvanā) eradicates defilements uprooting them and leading to the ultimate goal of Buddhism – the realization of Nibbāṇa. However, samatha or samādhi lays the foundation for vipassanā or Insight meditation. According the Vijja-bhagiyaSutta,the two qualities which have a share in clear knowing are Tranquility (samatha) and Insight (vipassanā). When tranquility is developed, mind is developed, and when the mind is developed, passion is abandoned. When insight is developed, discernment is developed, and when discernment is developed, ignorance is abandoned. Defiled by passion, the mind is not released. Defiled by ignorance, discernment does not develop. Thus, from the fading of passion is there awareness-release. From the fading of ignorance is there discernment-release. Hence, this article deals with the methods of Insight meditation that leads to total eradication of defilements. Keywords: Meditation, Concentration, Insight, Cleansing of Defilements, FULL...

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NEGOTIATING BOUNDARIES: PERFORMANCE PARTITIONS IN THE MMONWU THEATRE – Chike Okoye and Asika Ikechukwu

Posted by on Apr 30, 2016 in publications | 0 comments

NEGOTIATING BOUNDARIES: PERFORMANCE PARTITIONS IN THE MMONWU THEATRE By Chike Okoye (PhD) okpilimbem@gmail.com Department of English Language and Literature Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria & Asika Ikechukwu (PhD) asikaikechukwu@yahoo.com Department of English Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Igbariam, Nigeria +2348038679214 Abstract The mmonwu mask is an interesting and intriguing part of Igbo culture and cosmology. It is mystic and sacred as it is entertaining even while fulfilling its religious and traditional essence. The practice of this mmonwu mask seems to vary from one culture to another which has become a subject of debate among scholars interested in the mmonwu phenomenon. But suffice it to say that irrespective of the available research and information on the subject of mmonwu mask, much is still left unsaid and the mmonwu culture is one area in the central Igbo cultural heritage begging for more scholarly attention. Perhaps part of the reasons may stem from the religious and scared nature of the mmonwu which could account for the unavailability of the much expected and desired scholarly works on its existence, form and practices in many societies where the mmonwu thrive and survive till today. This paper is one of such effort to foray into the mmonwu subject and reveal some intricate parts of this aged phenomenon. This study sheds light albeit prescriptively, on the mmonwu mask tradition of the Igbo of south eastern Nigeria. The tradition, an age-long and hallowed one, contains many potentially confusing aspects and delineations especially in the performance which is the sphere of concern for this paper. In this study, explanations are given as to the nature and differences between song, chant, mask, and troupe, masquerade and so on; thereby making comprehension clearer and better. Key words: Mmonwu, theatre, culture, mask, chant, phenomenon FULL...

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PHILOSOPHY AND THE QUEST FOR LEADERSHIP – Ogugua, Paul I.

Posted by on Apr 29, 2016 in publications | 0 comments

INTRODUCTION It is not uncommon and unusual for a people as diverse and extensive as Africa to burn much time and waste much ink in the bid to deliberate over some issues of import which will help them grow and place themselves better in the map of the world. It is imperative at this period of time, as Africa is now at cross-roads in virtually all aspects of life, to vigorously, perceptively and painstakingly address the challenge posed by leadership. The failures of development in Africa have been attributed to a litany of factors colonialism, military interventions, ethnicism, nepotism, neocolonialism etc. It looks like there is consensus that it is ineptitude of the leadership. Achebe Chinua (1983) held that “the trouble with Nigeria is simply and squarely a failure of leadership.» Ogugua opined it is misplacement of values. Okolo, C.B. (1994) held it is squandermania mentality. Abubu (1986) opined that there is increasing concern regarding effective management in Africa. Why? It is because it is the problem. Failure of leadership has become more evident with the passing of the years. African nations have declined continuously in all the basic indicators of national development. African nations instead of remaining within the sphere of developing nations have nose-dived with full strength into the zone of undeveloping nations. The primary responsibility of leadership is to have a vision and a mission such as to see to the achievement of her goals for the actualization of the common good. There is need for visionary, qualified, good leadership in Africa for a new orientation and a new society, it is the onus of this paper to see how philosophy which is ‘love of wisdom’, a science of things through their ultimate causes – “scientia rerum per ultimas causas” will help in developing of servant leaders in Africa for the actualization of the common good, it will look at the African condition, develop a theoretical perspective, look at what the social scientists say, philosophy in the context of African leadership and then run our conclusion. FULL...

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